Healthy Development in Early Childhood Education Chapter 6 Quizlet
Healthy development in early childhood provides the foundation for educational achievement, economic productivity, responsible citizenship, and lifelong health. This section introduces you to the science that links early experiences from birth (and even before) to children’s learning capacity, behaviors, and physical and mental health.
Learn about the different approaches to early childhood education including Reggio, Montessori, High Scope and the project approach.
What is the age span of early childhood?
The age span of early childhood is from birth to age 8. Experiences during this period can become physiologically imprinted and impact outcomes throughout life.
During this stage, children are exploring the world around them and developing new cognitive skills. They learn through observation, imitation, and play.
They begin to understand the concept of object permanence and can recognize faces in picture books. They also start to demonstrate initiative and guilt through imaginative play. They may develop feelings of inferiority if they do not receive positive feedback from their peers.
Physically, children are growing quickly. They are now in a transitional phase with body proportions between infant and toddler (large heads and short arms) and pre-schoolers (smaller heads and longer bodies). They continue to practice gross motor skills such as running, jumping and swinging. They also work on fine motor skills by pouring, cutting and coloring.
What is the purpose of early childhood education?
The purpose of early childhood education is to promote children’s cognitive and social development before they enter kindergarten. This may be done through a variety of activities and experiences, such as play, music, domestic play, sensory play and constructive play.
Ideally, these learning experiences will help children develop the skills they need to become confident learners who are prepared for school and life. They will also learn to be respectful and responsible members of their communities.
It’s important to note that while some ECE programs are designed for specific age groups, most offer a range of learning opportunities for children of all ages. This can include theme-based and constructivist-based models, such as those offered by High Scope or the Reggio Emilia approach. Additionally, some ECE programs are based on various educational philosophies, such as Montessori or Piagetian cognitive theory.
What is the role of the teacher in early childhood education?
During early childhood, children build their identities through play with other people. Educators act as surrogate parents and help young children learn how to interact with each other and develop friendships. They also teach them about the world around them.
They must have patience to explain concepts repeatedly and to deal with the emotional ups and downs of young children. Early childhood educators also need good planning skills to set up a safe learning environment. They also need to be creative, as they often use imagination and creativity in their teaching.
They must be able to read their students and understand that each child grows at a different pace. They also need to be able to notice the subtle clues of each student’s social growth.
What is the role of the parent in early childhood education?
The parents are a child’s first and most important teachers. They are responsible for providing a safe and positive learning environment. They also play a key role in shaping children’s cognitive, emotional and social development.
Research shows that when parents are involved in their children’s education, they have a stronger understanding of what is being taught in the classroom. This can help them to reinforce and transfer this knowledge at home.
Parents can also help to extend the learning outside of the classroom by encouraging their children to read at home, attend school events and activities and volunteer in their child’s class. It is also important to keep communication channels open between educators and parents. This can be done by using an app like HiMama that allows parents to stay updated on their child’s progress.
What is the role of the community in early childhood education?
The popular proverb “it takes a village to raise a child” sends a clear message that the community has an essential role to play in children’s growth and development. This includes parents and family members as well as the local community and schools.
Early learning settings are often children’s first communities outside of their homes and are therefore influential in how they learn about themselves and others. Children’s relationships in these communities help them to understand the value of respect, collaboration and caring for one another.
Educators work to create a community where everyone feels psychologically safe and can focus on their learning. They organize spaces and activities in ways that promote play and exploration. They provide opportunities for children to learn about their community through a variety of experiences, such as music circles and art classes.